OFWs in Saudi Arabia reeling from high cost of living


Overseas Filipino workers are complaining of high prices in Riyadh and other cities in Saudi Arabia. Photo from Pinoy Xtra

RIYADH—There has been a furor of late  regarding Nitaqat, the new Saudization program of the Kingdom which gives priority to Saudi manpower for employment opportunities in local companies.

But there’s another problem which has become  more endemic, particularly among expatriates like overseas Filipino workers (OFWs). This is the marked increase in consumer prices.

“The cost of basic needs—from services rendered, to consumer goods  and housing—have gone up. This is because government control is not yet in place. If a flat owner, for example, wants to increase rent, he could do so,” said  Francisco “Boy” Naval, an engineer and chairman of the board of trustees of the 8,000-member United OFW in Riyadh.

It started even before the financial crisis that affected all countries all over the world some three years back, including Saudi Arabia, where a relatively comfortable life was being enjoyed by expats.

For many OFWs, especially those drawing relatively high salaries at the end of each month, life here is still comfortable—but not too many, such as the ordinary workers.

Many of them—like tea boys and cleaners—are only  receiving  from SR300 to SR600 monthly. This is especially true among those working for manpower suppliers.  Lucky ones could get as much as SR1,000, which is still a poor man’s pay by Saudi standards.

At current exchange rates, one Saudi Riyal is equivalent to P11.35.

The increased cost of living has caused OFWs to complain. Erik P. Asi, an electrical engineer at Nardeen Lighting in Riyadh, said that a 5–kilo bag of Wag-Wag rice used to cost SR14 about three years back. Now, he said, it costs SR25.

“The cost of fish has likewise increased. Hasa-hasa, for instance, used to cost SR4. Now, the cost ranges from SR10 to SR12,” he added.

He also said that corned beef imported from Brazil used to cost SR6 but now it costs SR8 or more.

(When this reporter arrived in Riyadh on July 22,  1986 to work for the defunct Riyadh Daily which closed down on December 31, 2003, the cost of a well-known corned beef brand imported from Brail was about SR4.45 to SR4.50. Now, this brand costs more than SR10.)

“A can of evaporated milk used to cost SR1. Now, it has increased by 50%,” he said. To be able to cut down on costs, he and wife, the former Jannete Arenque of  Lopez, Quezon, have scheduled days for going to the supermarket for shopping.

“We avoid going to the shop unnecessarily. We may buy something which we don’t essentially need. We’d rather save the money for the education of our two kids,” he said.

Fast-food snacks up

Photo from Pinoy Xtra

In Buraidah, Qassim province, some 375 km. north of the Saudi capital, OFWs have the same complaint.  Dionisio B. Tabuco Jr., a mechanical engineer working for the Saudi Pharmaceutical Industries and Medical Appliances Corp. (SPIMACO), noted that a box containing 10 pieces of chicken was only SR60 to SR65 three years back.

“Now it costs SR90. It is higher for leading brands,” he said, adding that branded fast-food chains used to sell a box of chicken for SR11-SR12. “Now, a box costs SR19 which includes a softdrink and salad,” he said.

Citing a more common example, he said that a can of soda used to cost only SR1 but now it costs SR1.50. To attract more customers, a restaurant catering to the Filipino community in the Saudi capital sells  softdrinks for only SR1.To sweeten its offer, it also offers free drinking water.

For this reason, the restaurant gives the impression that the food it serves is cheap, aside from the fact that it serves mainly fish and vegetables which are good for health.  It may be mentioned here that heart attack is the leading cause of death among Filipinos in the Kingdom.

But it’s not only the prices  of commodities which have gone up. House rents have skyrocketed as well.

In Jeddah, Lowell Plameras, managing director of The Media Brokers, said, “I used to pay SR12,000 yearly  for my flat in Sharafiah district. Now I am  paying  SR18,000.”

He said that he could not transfer because he’s  come to like the place, aside from the fact that increasing rent has become the trend all over the Kingdom.

“I like the neighborhood. It’s peaceful. Many of my neighbors have also become my friends. So, even if I pay more, I’d stay where I am staying now, although I wish my landlord had not increased my rent ,” he said.

Helpless as they are, OFWs and other expats have found  an ally in the Jeddah-based National Society for Human Rights  (NSHR), which has  requested the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, and municipalities to do their part to intervene and  stop the marked increase in consumer prices.

Consumer protection

It plans to prepare and submit a new draft of a new consumer protection system to the Royal Court.

“There is no doubt that the consumer is the weakest link in the trade relationship as there is no law or system that can provide consumer protection or that supports regulatory services by the Ministry of  Commerce to make sure there are substantial reasons behind price elevation,” NSHR President Mofieh Al-Qahtani was quoted saying  by Arab News.

He said that the NSHR had received a number of complaints and grievances.

Al-Qahtani also mentioned that the rise in residential and commercial rental properties leads to a subsequent rise in the cost of goods and services.

“Despite our belief there exists external causes that may have led to higher prices, such as the higher costs of imports, transportation and insurance. There are goods and services that have been the subject of steep price increases without explanation,” Al-Qahtani said.

One suggestion is  the establishment of a national center that would monitor prices as well as costs to ensure the price increases are related to legitimate inflationary pressure and not just attempts to gouge customers.

The human rights  body  also said that it would like to see price  controls that limit annual increases of rent, as well as goods and services, to not more than five percent.

“We would like to call on all regulatory authorities responsible for consumer protection to do what is dictated by the law and control prices as well as periodically explain to consumers the reasons for the increase in prices to avoid further harm to their living conditions,” he said.

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  • Anonymous

    “Helpless as they are, OFWs and other expats have found  an ally in the
    Jeddah-based National Society for Human Rights  (NSHR), which has 
    requested the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, and municipalities to
    do their part to intervene and  stop the marked increase in consumer
    prices.” Hello? Prices have gone up similarly worldwide, not just in Saudi. What are we expecting, that we should demand the Saudi authorities to stop the worldwide inflation of prices?

  • Yakan Yaw

    FYI, the exchange rate since last month had never gone to the Php11.35 to a 1 SAR. The Peso appreciated to the 41 level to a dollar in the last week of July. The writer may have not remitted yet for his July salary as he mention ed here a higher exchange rate.

  • Anonymous

    the exchange rate when i remitted at Telemoney is 11.08SR. i am not belittling the situation in saudi but you can still be creative to make both ends meet. there are sources that you can take opportunity on. like there are pamphlets at the stores like Panda on which you can buy cheap offers, for household items you can go to flea markets or ashara ashara…i don’t recommend buying clothes from the ukay ukay here…but expensive items like leather goods for branded items you can give it a go…for fish you can go to the fish market during weekends and get by the basin…you will have enough for a month I guess…i think the luxury and being wasteful should be avoided now…which should have been from the beginning and resist giving needless gifts back home and inform them that this needs to stop and remove this illusion…avoid also those betting games…sometimes you can buy food “take out” and you eat lesser as you often portion the generous serving of the food…sometimes you can buy sandwiches for 2SR which can fill you out for some of you meals…there is satisfaction in saving…you just need to be creative…you don’t pay taxes here, no SSS and definitely you are better off here so you need to remember why you were here at all…it is a different story for those whose salaries are often delayed though.

  • Iggy Ramirez

    Still, a liter of water in Saudi Arabia is much cheaper than a liter of water in the Philippines.

    A liter of water in Saudi Arabia can buy 4 liters of gasoline.

    • Anonymous

      tama ka bro, mas mura pa talaga ang mga bilihin sa saudi at walang tax kaysa filipinas, ang corruptions sa filipinas ang no.1 na nagpapataas sa expense costs ng mga bilihin, open secret ‘yan sa lahat ng filipino! pero lahat ng bansa sa mundo ay nagtaasan ang food prices, at nagbabayad ka pa nang additional for VAT/sales tax, sa saudi free! the best thing to do is refrain from luxury style life by buying cheap stuff  & cook your own food, save, save and save! news from USA, just last january ang gas price & auto oil was lower by 30% compared today, everyone is mad about it!

  • Anonymous

    Give me a break! they did this just to cope up THE LOST this royal family had, when they indiscrimanately increased the salary of their employee! u know afraid of being thrown of power!

    Hopefully my Bigbro, whom i left him down there wont be affected. if u think it doesnt work well there, your Tinybro is waiting u here in NJ. miss u Bro!

    • Jonathan

      kahit saan tumataas ang presyo ng bilihin. epekto ito ng pagtaas ng petrolyo

  • Anonymous

    This should be in the works for Philippine government to study price increases in the middle east as part of their strategy to negotiate deployment of OFWs abroad.  There should be incorporation of the price index on the salary scales of the workers.  Inflation appears to have eroded the earnings and incomes of these OFWs.  While they can enjoy a 100% exchange value for their Saudi dollars against prices of prime commodities three years ago, today they can only buy HALF the value of goods per dollar they earned.  That is how inflation eats up a good portion of your earned dollars in Saudi Arabia.  That also mean, for the same services, they can only save .50 cents per dollar earned as income compared to a dollar per dollar 3 years ago.

    • Jonathan

      ang sweldo ay dictated by market forces.  kung nagtitipid tayo nagtitipid din ang mag kumpanya.  kung hihingi ng sweldo na mas mataas sa merkado, kukuha na lang ang employer ng iba na tatanggap ng mas mababang sweldo

  • Anonymous

    Worked in Saudi Arabia for 8 years pero walang ngyari…magtipid sa saudi…magtipid sa pinas…in other words break even..I sacrifised my  8 years in KSA may bargaining ang company pero mahirap magtiwala sa promises ng Arabo at alam natin lahat yan…even without the possible alternative, I resigned and looked for a much better opppurtunity in other country..luckily I was hired in one of the companies here in Papua New Guinea….the result of very satisfactory..the package is contrary to what I have in KSA…in other words..try to venture in other countries..lakasan lang ng loob yan kabayan..hindi mo makikita ang opportunity sa ibang bansa kung patuloy kang mag-tatrabaho sa KSA…tip lang mga kabayan ko.. 

  • Datu Puti

    Swerte pa nga sa Saudi mas mura pa ang bilihin doon kaysa sa Dubai mas mahal ang cost of living d2….maraming pinoy na ang nagtitipid….gagawin lang ang lahat para makatipid……

  • Anonymous

    tough times talaga mga kabayan buong mundo naman yan, tiis na lang talaga. isipin na lang na para sa pamilya ang pinaghihirapan dyan. mahirap din maghanap ng trabaho dito sa ‘pinas

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