Philippines ranks third on climate change vulnerability list


The Philippines ranks third in the list of countries most vulnerable to climate change, a study by a United Nations agency has warned.

The report by the United Nations University’s Institute for Environment and Human Security and the German Alliance Development Works said the top 10 countries facing the highest risk are: Vanuatu, Tonga, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Costa Rica, Cambodia and El Salvador.

Vanuatu which is experiencing a fresh water shortage ranks number one with a 32-percent disaster risk. Tonga in the second spot has 29.08 percent.

The Philippines ranks third with a 24.32-percent disaster risk.

The risk index used in the report analyzed each country’s exposure to natural disasters like storms, floods, earthquakes, droughts and sea level rise.

It also estimated their susceptibility to damage based on the state of their economy and infrastructure, and the countries’ ability to respond to these disasters through preparedness measures and early warning systems. It also studied their ability to adapt to future disasters due to climate change.

Filipino scientists said the Philippines would get more rains in the coming years due to climate change.

In 2010, the climatology division of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) reported that climate data from 1960 to 2003 showed significant increases in the frequency of hot days and warm nights in many areas of the country.

Pagasa also observed that the number of cooler days had decreased. This trend mirrors the experience of other countries in Southeast Asia, Pagasa said, as it predicted more rains in the Philippines in the coming decades.

The Climate Reality Project, which is backed by former United States Vice President Al Gore, said the study confirmed what residents of the Philippines already know from their experience.

“This is reality. Lives and livelihoods lost are not a hoax, these are all realities brought about by the biggest crisis this world has ever faced. As the study shows, the Philippines ranks third in exposure to natural hazards like earthquakes, storms, floods and droughts, as well as the exposure of populations to sea level rise by one meter,” said Rodne Galicha, Philippine country district manager of The Climate Reality Project (TCRP).

TCRP stressed that climate change is not the only culprit. Galicha noted that man-made factors, such as land conversion, deforestation, and mining activities, worsen the effects of climate change and have a multiplier effect on disasters.

“Massive land conversion, long-term deforestation, mining in island ecosystems and forests and lack of solid waste management are just some of the culprits,” TCRP disaster risk reduction and management expert Miguel Magalang said. He added that a comprehensive land use plan based on principles of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction should be strongly adopted by the government.

The floods and landslides from typhoons Pedring and Quiel recently emphasized the Filipinos’ vulnerability to extreme weather.  Almost a week since Quiel left the Philippines, many towns in Central Luzon were still underwater.

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  • be honest

    This same article was published last week in Inquiror. Wonder why its here again.

  • Anonymous

    the higher the birth rate, the higher the mortality rate particularly among children who are vulnerable to disasters. say this to the catholic bishops and priests and they will have a violent, irrational response!

  • Anonymous

    mabubura talaga tayo sa mapa ng mundo!!! pinutol ba naman natin ng walang habas ang ating kagubatan, sinira natin ang ating karagatan, kaya hayan. sisihin ang mga illegal loggers sa senado: tulad ni enrile (di ba may logging concession sya sa samar at iba pang lugar? sa isabela at cagayan ba meron din sya?) ang mga DY ng isabela, at kung sinu sino pang negosyante at pulitikong walang awa sa kalikasan. pag dudusahan natin ito lahat kasi hindi tayo marunong umangal o magalit!!! sa kaunting barya ibinoboto natin sila!!!

  • Anonymous

    The UN should not use the flooding in the Philippines as an excuse to justify their global warming hoax! It’s the rampant illegal logging stupid!

    • John Ray Lomugdang

      illegal logging is directly correlated to to global warming. so if you think global warming is a hoax, then you just contradicted yourself.

    • Lester

      global warming a hoax??? LOL. now who is stupid? hahaha.

  • Gordon Montoya

    Illegal logging is the alibi of politicians. What is the difference between illegal and legal logging? A government permit. Usually acquired only by politicians or those who have connections in government. In both cases, you still cut trees. Think about it.

  • Himalaya

    kaya tayo naging ganyan ka-vulnerable dahil sa kawalan ng political will ng mga namumuno! sa katotohanan yung ibang mga namumuno eh sila pa ang nangungunang illegal loggers! hmmmm sino kaya ang ilan jan…. sa luzon, …si….. senator A_ _ _ a_ a….. …ay ayoko na ngang magsabi….wala rin lang mangyayari

  • Anonymous

    “Massive land conversion, long-term deforestation, mining in island
    ecosystems and forests and lack of solid waste management are just some
    of the culprits,” TCRP disaster risk reduction and management expert
    Miguel Magalang said. He added that a comprehensive land use plan based
    on principles of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction
    should be strongly adopted by the government.”

    Is Denuded Environment and No Resources (DENR) secretary Paje seeing the same at his crystal ball after giving 25years of mining permit to these mining firms of Surigao?    What about the different LGU’s who are being affected by the resent flooding and the LGU’s concerned for the rapid deforestation of our mountain regions.  Are they listening to these or will they continue their alliances with the illegal loggers, allow big developers to buy farmlands for land use conversion and just allow human settlement to spawn without urban planning for their political ambitions?

    If i may barrow the classic line of  Hugo Weaving, aka agent Smith, in the movie The Matrix saying..

    “I’d like to share a revelation that
    I’ve had, during my time here. It came to me when I tried to classify
    your species and I realized that you aren’t actually mammals. Every
    mammal on this planet instinctively develops a natural equilibrium with
    its surrounding environment, but you humans do not. You move to an area
    and you multiply, and multiply until every natural resource is consumed.
    The only way you can survive is to spread to another area. There is
    another organism on this planet that follows the same pattern. Do you
    know what it is? A virus. Human beings are a disease, a cancer of this
    planet. You are a plague..”



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