US court orders Michael Ray Aquino to pay Dacer family $4.2M in damages
SAN FRANCISCO—A US District Court judge ordered a former high-ranking Philippine National Police official to pay $4.2 million in punitive damages for the political torture-murder 13 years ago of well-known publicist Salvador “Bubby” Dacer.
Judge William Alsup of the Northern California District court, after a default prove-up bench trial, on Tuesday, Jan. 21 ordered defendant Michael Ray Aquino to pay $4.2 million in punitive damages to the victim’s four daughters.
Aquino was the Philippine National Police Intelligence Group deputy director under the administration of President Joseph Estrada.
Dacer’s daughters—Carina, Sabina Reyes, Amparo Henson and Emily Hungerford–filed the $60-million wrongful death suit—Dacer v. Estrada, Lacson et al.–in Sept. 2010 under the Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victim Protection Act.
The plaintiffs accused Aquino of authorizing and directing the extrajudicial killing of Dacer, a well-known publicist who was 66 years old at the time of his murder.
The lawsuit also named as defendants then-president now Manila Mayor Estrada, now-Secretary Panfilo Lacson, Reynaldo Tenorio, Dante Tan, Vicente Arnaldo and Glenn Dumlao. Only Aquino was served.
Rodel Rodis, San-Francisco based attorney for the Dacer sisters (and INQUIRER.net columnist) was disappointed that the judge whittled down the award but told news media his clients were “vindicated” by Alsup’s judgment.
Chronology of double murder
According to the official court document, in Nov. 2000 Dacer was called to the Presidential Palace and berated for working for the impeachment of then-President Joseph Estrada. Aquino ordered agents to investigate and steal documents from Dacer.
When Dacer lobbied against former defendant Panfilo Lacson’s appointment as PNP chief, Aquino was ordered to gather a group of operatives to silence the former.
On Nov. 24, 2000, the court found, Dacer was abducted, interrogated and tortured based on Aquino’s instructions. He was then strangled with a wire and his body was burned in a ravine in Cavite. His driver, Emmanuel Corbito was murdered along with him.
On Dec. 24, at 11 a.m., Aquino sent a text message confirming that Dacer had been taken and gave instructions to “neutralize” him.
On this basis, the Philippine Department of Justice recommended Aquino’s indictment for the double murder of Dacer and Corbito, as he “was obviously stage managing the entire operation by cellular phone.”
Arrested in US
In May 2001 Panfilo Lacson, by then a senator, learned of a pending investigation of Aquino and advised him to flee to the United States, and he did, the court stated.
Aquino was arrested in the US in 2005 for illegal possession of classified documents. He pleaded guilty, was imprisoned for 76 months and subsequently extradited to the Philippines. He was arrested for the murder of Dacer but released on the basis of technicalities.
Aquino filed a motion to dismiss the plaintiff’s suit but was denied. He last responded to the proceedings two years ago.
On Feb. 1, 2013, a trial date was set, and Aquino was advised to attend pretrial proceedings. The instructions were sent to the NBI address he had provided the court.
Aquino has failed to appear in at least eight hearings and has failed to provide the court and the plaintiffs an updated address. He is no longer in Philippine government custody and his whereabouts are unknown.
“Having gone to great lengths to accommodate” Aquino, the court finally entered judgment “for damages proven at trial.”
Judge Alsup instructed the US Immigration and Citizenship Service to bar Aquino from entering the United States should he attempt to do so.
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.