US criticizes China’s militarization of disputed sea
BEIJING — The Pentagon criticized what it called China’s “continued militarization” of island outposts in the disputed South China Sea, where the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force landed long-range bombers for the first time, putting the whole of Southeast Asia within their range.
The China Daily newspaper reported on Saturday that the PLA Air Force conducted takeoff and landing training with the H-6K bomber in the South China Sea.
China is pitted against Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Taiwan in multiple disputes over islands, coral reefs and lagoons in waters crucial for global commerce and rich in fish and potential oil and gas reserves.
A statement from the Chinese defense ministry late on Friday said the exercise was conducted on an island reef, but it did not specify when or where, saying only that it took place recently at a “southern sea area.”
The exercise involved several H-6Ks taking off from an air base and making a simulated strike against sea targets before landing, the ministry said.
Wang Mingliang, a military expert, was quoted in the statement as saying that the exercises will help the Air Force improve its “real combat ability against all kinds of marine security threats.”
The United States, which doesn’t have any territorial claims in the South China Sea but insists on freedom of navigation and a peaceful resolution of the disputes without coercion or threat of force, criticized the move on Saturday.
“The United States remains committed to a free and open Indo-Pacific,” Marine Lt. Col. Christopher Logan, a spokesperson for the Pentagon, said in an e-mail.
“We have seen these same reports and China’s continued militarization of disputed features in the South China Sea only serves to raise tensions and destabilize the region,” Logan said.
The Washington-based Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (Amti), using Chinese social media posts, identified the location of the exercise as Woody Island, China’s largest base in the Paracels that are also claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan.
Southeast Asia within range
With a combat radius of nearly 3,520 kilometers, the H-6K bomber would put all of Southeast Asia in its range from Woody Island, Amti said.
Farther south in the Spratly group of islands, China has constructed man-made islands on seven Philippine-claimed reefs and equipped them with runways, hangars, radar and missile stations, further cementing its vast territorial claims in the busy waterway.
The United States and others have accused China of militarizing the region to bolster its claims.
Washington has said Beijing’s actions violate a pledge by President Xi Jinping to former President Barack Obama not to militarize the area.
China insists it has a legitimate right to build up defenses on the disputed islands.
Adm. Phil Davidson, the new head of the Pacific Command, said recently that China had reached the tipping point in its control over the South China Sea.
Beijing’s island bases can be used to challenge the US presence in the region, “and any forces deployed to the islands would easily overwhelm the military forces of any other South China Sea claimants,” Davidson wrote in recent testimony to Congress.
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