Tap help of naval powers to make China pay for marine damage
MANILA — Former foreign affairs secretary Albert Del Rosario urged the Duterte administration to engage naval powers in implementing the arbitration ruling that has made China accountable for massive marine damage in the disputed waters of the South China Sea.
He said the Philippines has been backed by multilateral powers in pursuing the arbitration case before the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague, “ and as a way of gratitude, we should engage them in settling disputes” in the South China Sea.
He agreed with the decision of President Duterte to appoint former President Fidel V. Ramos to negotiate with China.
“It’s work in confidence building. It’s accomplishing that (purpose) as it is a manifestation of good faith on our part,” said Del Rosario on Duterte’s bilateral track with China in an interview at the sidelines of the Post arbitration forum held Thursday at the De La Salle University in Manila.
Del Rosario agreed with Foreign Affairs Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr. that the Philippines should be magnanimous in its victory “(but) we must be firm, we won this award, the rule of law must be followed.”
He said despite the landmark arbitration award, China has remained defiant and has kept on building military facilities on the disputed islands.
Del Rosario said the Philippines “cannot do it alone, we need the support of our allies, the community of nations that helped us get to where we are.” He was referring to the support of the US, Japan, India as well as the regional blocs- G7 and the European Union — that backed the Philippines arbitration case in The Hague.
“We should be appealing to them for continued support so we can accomplish the objective that needs to be undertaken here,” said Del Rosario.
Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonio Carpio, meanwhile, said the Philippines should move to file a new case against China due to the extensive maritime damage it inflicted in the disputed waters.
He said the Philippines and other claimant countries, such as Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam, should establish a maritime peace zone in the disputed waters to stop China’s massive destruction of marine life.
Carpio, in his presentation, said China violated the international customary law that has committed states to protect the environment. It has also violated the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that commits signatories (such as the China and Philippines) to protect the marine environment.
In his presentation, Del Rosario said the arbitration court validated the Philippines’ claim that “China has not upheld its obligation to preserve the marine environment.”
In citing part of the arbitration court ruling on July 12, he stated: “The Tribunal also found that Chinese authorities were aware that Chinese fishermen have harvested endangered sea turtles, coral and giant clams on a substantial scale in the South China Sea (using methods that inflict severe damage on the coral reef environment) and had not fulfilled their obligations to stop such activities.” SFM/rga
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