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Asean Summit 2015

#InquirerSeven How does PH compare with other Asean countries?

By: - Senior Digital Producer / @SPaciaINQ
/ 01:19 PM November 22, 2015
Benigno Aquino III, Joko Widodo, Hun Sen, Hassanal Bolkiah, Thongsing Thammavong, Najib Razak, Nguyen Tan Dung, Prayuth Chan-o-cha, Lee Hsien Loong, Thein Sein

ASEAN Leaders from left to right, Philippines’ President Benigno Aquino III, Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen, Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Laos’ Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Vietnam’s Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Thailand’s Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-o-cha, Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Myanmar’s President Thein Sein pose for photographs during opening ceremony of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Saturday, Nov. 21, 2015. AP Photo

Just as the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit has concluded in Manila, President Aquino will once again meet with Southeast Asian leaders for the biyearly summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean).

The second Asean summit of 2015 is scheduled for Nov. 18 to 22, and is being held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A major issue expected to be tackled is the ongoing sea dispute in the South China Sea, which some Asean nations stake claim to.

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To place context to the proceedings, INQUIRER.net lists down seven interesting tidbits comparing the Philippines to its Southeast Asian neighbors, from population growth to unemployment rate and Internet access.

All data are taken from the World Bank, Transparency.org and Visionofhumanity.org.

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Here are the #InquirerSeven ways Philippines compares to the rest of Asean’s members.

1. Over 600 million people are part of Asean

The total population of all Asean countries is an estimated 623 million as of 2014, according to the World Bank. Indonesia makes up over 40 percent of that number with around 254 million, while people living in Brunei number only about 417,000.

Singapore, however, has the highest population density among the 10. For every square kilometer–the country’s total land area is 718.3 square kilometers–there are 7,736 people. The Philippines takes second place: There are 332 people per square kilometer, the total land area 300,000 square kilometers.

2. Asean population is growing faster than world average

The total population of Asean members is growing at a combined average of 1.27 percent, higher than the world average of 1.13 percent. Of the 10 members, Cambodia, Laos and the Philippines are growing the fastest, all at 1.6 percent, while Thailand’s population is growing only 0.4 percent.

3. PH has highest unemployment rate

As of 2013, the Philippines has the highest unemployment rate in the region at 7.1 percent, followed by Indonesia with 6.3 percent. Cambodia and Thailand post the lowest percentages at 0.3 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively.

4. Indonesia has biggest economy; Brunei and Laos, smallest

Indonesia’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014 totaled $888 billion, with Thailand a far second at $373 billion. Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines follow closely at $326 billion, $308 billion and $285 billion, respectively.

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But in terms of economic growth, Myanmar in 2014 grew the most among Asean members with a GDP growth rate of 8.5 percent, followed by Laos at 7.5 percent and Cambodia at 7 percent. Asean countries with bigger GDPs, however, posted slow growth in 2014: Thailand grew by only 1 percent, followed by Singapore at 3 percent and Indonesia at 5.2 percent.

5. Thailand, Malaysia had most number of tourists in 2013

Over 94 million people visited the 10 Asean countries in 2013. Of that number, more than half mainly visited Singapore (around 26.5 million) and Indonesia (around 25.7 million). The Philippines, in comparison, posted 4.8 million visitors that same year.

6. More than a third of Filipinos are online, but PH still has slowest Internet

Singapore is the most advanced country in relation to Internet access, ranking highest in both number of people connected to the Web–69.69 percent of its population–and Internet download speed. Malaysia comes in a close second at 67.5 percent, followed by Vietnam and the Philippines at 48.3 and 39.8 percent, respectively. But even if more than a third of Filipinos have access to the Internet, the country’s download speed, 3.4 mbps on a broadband connection, is the slowest among then 10 Asean countries. Myanmar’s, on the other hand, is 4.69 mbps, even if only 2.1 percent of its people are connected online. The Philippines fares only slightly better in terms of download speed on mobile at 3.8 mbps.

7. Singapore is most peaceful and least corrupt

Singapore scores highest among Asean members in the 2014 Global Peace Index, placing 25th out of 162 countries, it also is perceived as the least corrupt, ranking 7th of 174 countries in the 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index.

Six of nine Asean members (Brunei was not included) are ranked on the lower half of the corruption index; six of 10 are also ranked on the upper half of the peace index.

The Philippines is regarded the least peaceful among Asean countries, ranking only 132nd. Myanmar and Cambodia, on the other hand, are considered the most corrupt, both ranking 156th.

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TAGS: ASEAN, Asean Summit 2015, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Economy, Inquirer Seven, InquirerSeven, Internet, population, Tourism
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