Bigger US military role in Philippines sought

But talks exclude new bases

A+
A
A-

Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin

The United States is planning the expansion of its military presence in the Philippines, including the stationing of US Navy ships on a temporary basis and the conduct of more frequent joint exercises, in response to China’s growing assertiveness in the Asia Pacific.

Philippine defense and military officials confirmed a Washington Post report on Thursday that the two countries were negotiating a deal that would increase cooperation between the two militaries, but stressed that the tension in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) over the disputed Spratly Islands was only part of the equation.

Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin said the terms of such an agreement would still be dictated by the Visiting Forces Agreement, which allows the periodic visits of US troops for joint training and exercises.

“Well, first of all, it’s true that the United States wants to expand its presence in the region, which is why they will put up a base in Australia and station ships in Singapore. But in the Philippines, [it involves] exercises that will still be in accordance with our Visiting Forces Agreement,” Gazmin said.

On Thursday, the Washington Post reported that the United States, in talks with Philippine officials in Washington, was considering “operating Navy ships from the Philippines, deploying troops on a rotational basis and staging more frequent joint exercises,” among other options.

‘Political sensitivities’

“Under each scenario, US forces would effectively be guests at existing foreign bases,” the report said. The US daily quoted an unnamed senior Philippine official as saying that the American side was aware of “political sensitivities” surrounding such an agreement.

The report further discounted the possibility of the United States attempting to establish a permanent base some 20 years after the Philippine government rejected a new bases treaty and evicted US forces from their naval base in Subic, Zambales province, the United States’ biggest base in the Pacific.

Asked to comment, Department of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Raul Hernandez said he was still awaiting Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario’s input on the issue.

There was no comment from Malacañang at press time.

Many factors

The negotiation for such a deal was prompted by many factors, and the tension in the West Philippine Sea with China over claims on the disputed Spratlys was only part of it, according to defense spokesperson Peter Paul Galvez.

“There are many factors, including our position on [maintaining] freedom of navigation and taking a multilateral approach and a rules-based approach in resolving the dispute in the West Philippine Sea,” Galvez said.

The Spratlys, a chain of tiny islands and reefs believed to be rich in resources, lie near the Philippine province of Palawan.

The chain is claimed wholly or partly by the Philippines, China, Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam and Taiwan.

In 2002, the claimants signed the Declaration of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, which was to serve as a nonbinding guideline on how to tackle the disputes. But tension has escalated in recent months, with the Philippines and China trading barbs on the latter’s alleged incursions into the former’s territory.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines said the discussions between the Philippines and the United States showed that “the partnership between our two countries’ armed forces remains healthy, dynamic and beneficial.”

“It continues to highlight the unswerving commitment of our security forces toward a more secure Asia-Pacific region,” said the AFP public affairs chief, Colonel Arnulfo Marcelo Burgos Jr.

He said the Philippine military was looking forward to more joint bilateral exercises and undertakings, such as the annual Balikatan exercises, the Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training, and the Balance Piston exercises.

‘Light footprint’

The Washington Post report quoted Philippine and US officials as saying that they were “favorably inclined toward a deal.”

Meetings were supposedly scheduled late this week “before higher-level meetings in March.”

“The strategic talks with the Philippines are in addition to feelers that the Obama administration has put out to other Southeast Asian countries, including Vietnam and Thailand, about possibly bolstering military partnerships,” the report said.

But “instead of trying to establish giant bases reminiscent of the Cold War, Pentagon officials said they want to maintain a light footprint,” the report said.

“We have no desire nor any interest in creating a US-only base in Southeast Asia,” said Robert Scher, a deputy assistant secretary of defense who oversees security policy in the region.

“In each one of these cases, the core decision and discussion is about how we work better with our friends and allies. And the key piece of that is working from their locations.” With reports from Tina Santos and Christine O. Avendaño

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of INQUIRER.net. We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • Anonymous

    Ginoong @antonioluna:disqus , mayamang bansa ang switz. hindi m ba naiisip na majority sa populasyon natin ay mahihirap? isipin m pg inarmasan mo lahat ng bawat pamilya ano kaya ang puwedeng mangyari? my armed forces naman kaya cla ang dapat palakasin at suportahan natin. at hindi m maikakaila, napakalaki ng bansang tsina. kahit armasan mo pa ang bagong silang na sanggol satin dto sa Pilipinas hndi natin cla kakayanin idagdag m pa ang moderno nilang sandata…

    kung ikaw lang ang totoo at nag-iisang kakampi na ating bansa, willing ka ba na ibala sa missile kung saka-sakali??? we need allies bro…

    • antonioluna

      hindi naman makatotohanan ang mga sinabi mo eh, mukhang nagpapatawa ka lang, kung pera ang sinasabi mong problema tinatanong mo na ba ang sarili mo kung bakit ang daming pera ang ninanakaw lang ng mga heneral?aba eh sobra sobra pang ang perang iyon na pambili ng M16 para armasan lahat ng bahay sa ating bansa.

      hindi dito pinag uusapan ang paramihan ng tao, dahil maliit lang talaga ang populasyon natin kumpara sa kanila, ang isyu dito ay paghahanda, dahil kung ang lohika mo ang susundin natin eh lahat ng bansa sa buong mundo ay kayang talunin ng china.

      babalikan ko ang nasabi ko na sa thread na ito, bakit ang vietnam hindi nalupig ng america?

      ito ang mga pagkakataon na ang bukambibig ng karamihan dito sa pinas na makadiyos pero takot lumaban sa isang bansang walang diyos?lumalabas na wala sa loob natin ang pinagsasabi natin at puro lang tayo kaipokrituhan.

      ano ang sabi mo we need allies – hindi ka nag iisa marami kayong nagsasabi nyan na wala pa man ding ginagawa para sa sarili nya ay hihingi na ng tulong kaya sumige ka humingi ka ng tulong kay uncle sam at sana tulungan ka nga kapag nagkaroon na ng gera

      • Anonymous

        i’m not talking about “literal money” when it comes to the support that we need to give to the armed forces. kahit ordinaryong mamamayan lang ako, i understand that they need to be equipped with reputable equipment. how can we pose our credibility in claiming our sovereignty over spratlys kung kulang tayo sa mga kagamitang pandagat at panghimpapawid. hindi sagot ang armas sa bawat bahay ng Pilipino dahil unang-una, hnd tayo pag-aaksayan ng China puntahan dto sa Pilipinas, KAYA NAMAN NG MISSILES NILA para gawin un. pangalawa, naniniwala ako na hindi lahat ng heneral ay nagnanakaw ng pera. mas nkararami ang tapat sa kanilang tungkulin. hindi dapat tayo basta-basta naniniwala sa mga nababasa sa dyaryo naririnig sa radyo o napapanuod sa tv dahil kadalasan lahat ng paninira sa gobyerno ay pakana lng ng mga komunistang pula na nais sirain ang gobyerno. ang kailangan natin ngayon ay ang pag-ibig at pagtutulungan para sa bansa.

        hindi man nalupig ng US ang vietnam, marami pa rin ang namatay sa vietnam at hindi na maibabalik un.

      • antonioluna

        huwag nating pagdebatahan kung mga magnanakaw ang mga heneral o hindi, hindi ko naman sila linalahat at sino ba ang nagsabi nyan hindi ba sundalo rin.

        saan mo naman nakuha na papaliparan tayo ng missile?ano tayo basta na lang lilipulin ng walang dahilan?at kung magkakatotoo man iyon na puntiryahin tayo ng isang nuclear missile, sa tingin mo ang presensya ng kano dito ang magliligtas sa atin?matatakot ang nuclear missle ng mga intsik pagnakita ang mga kano?

        ano ang punto mo doon sa sinabi mong hindi man nalupig ng US ang vietnam ay marami pa rin ang namatay?

      • Anonymous

        well, you opened it up first. i always believe in the integrity of the soldiers. minsan nang nasagip ang buhay ko dahil sa isang sundalo. at alam nmn natin na marami ang gawa-gawa lng sa isyu ng korapsyon sa afp dahil propaganda yan ng mga komunistang pula.

        kung ireresearch m ang military capability ng china kapatid, jn m malalaman na hindi nila tayo pag-aaksayahang magpunta dto at pagbuwisan ng buhay dahil high-tech cla. so ano pa ang magiging silbi na armasan natin ang bawat pamilya??? besides, ang interes nila ay ang spratlys na my iilang residente lamang.

        kung magkagayon man mas gugustuhin ko na mas maraming kano dto mas maganda, para magdalawang-isip ang china na tirahin at maliitin ang Pilipinas. Matatakot pa rin ang China dahil ang US pa rin ang SUPERPOWER.

        hindi man natalo ng US ang vietnam hindi ibig sabihin na nanalo ang vietnam dahil sobrang dami ng namatay sa Vietnam. ayokong mngyari sa Pilipinas un.

      • antonioluna

        wala tayong pagtatalunan sa integridad ng mga foot soldier, kanina pinoproblema mo kung saan kukuha ng pera para doon sa suhestiyon kong armasan at sanayin ang mamamayan, kaya sinagot kita na kung may nananakaw nga pera ang mga heneral bakit pambili wala, kung gusto mong magkipagtalo tungkol dyan kausapin mo si col. rabusa dahil sya ang nagsiwalat nyan.

        ang punto ng pag aarmas at pagsasanay sa civilian population ay para sa invasion, kung sakaling gustong sakupin ng china ang pinas.

        matakot ang china sa US?nagbabasa ka ba ng kasaysayan ng pinas, noong world war II nandito ang mga kano, natakot ba ang mga hapon sa paglusob at pagsakop sa pinas?kasaysayan na mismo ang nagsasabing sablay ang mga punto mo.

        saan bang gera walang namatay?noong ngang ikalawang digmaang pandaigdig maraming namatay sa death march, nadamay tayo sa gerang hindi naman sa atin, at sino ba ang gustong maraming mamatay pero kapag linusob ka ng isang bansa para sakupin para walang mamatay susuko ka na lang at papaalipin?ang gara naman talaga ng mga puntos mo, o sya humingi ka ng tulong wala namang pumipigil sa iyo tayo naman ay nagpapalitan ng kuru kuro dito base sa kung ano ang realidad at kung ano ang pinagdaanan natin sa kasaksayan.

      • Anonymous

        saan m naman napulot yang invasion ng china sa pinas kapatid? spratlys ang pinaguusapan dto.

        sa akin lng hindi aq agree sa punto mo na armasan ang civilian population…

      • antonioluna

        naiintindihan ko dahil hindi naman ganon kadali ang armasan ang civilian population pero kung yaon ang magbibigay sa atin ng respeto ng mundo bakit hindi, kaya walang rumirespeto sa pinas dahil nakikita ng buong mundo na hindi tayo tumatayo sa sarili nating paa na kung tutuusin nakaya nga na mas mahirap na bansa tayo pa kaya.

      • Anonymous

        Ano ba talaga ang gusto mong tumbokin, kapatid kung antonio luna..???Ayaw mong makasangga ang US..??? Eh di sa China ka maki jamming…,yan ang gusto mong tumbokin..???At ano na ang nagawa mong laban pra sa kapakanan ng Pilipinas..??? ang sumoporta sa China..??? Ang paghahanda na sinasabi mo ay ang pag ayos mo ng matiwasay na pagpasok ng China dito sa atin..???

      • antonioluna

        ibig kong sabihin kapatid, total ayan nakikita natin mayroong external threat tayo muna ay magsipaghanda bago tayo humingi ng tulong sa iba.

        kung gusto nating makialyado sa US pwede iyon, pangalawang hakbang iyon pero kailangan magkaroon ng batas at kasulatan na handa nilang tayong ipagtanggol sa kahit sinong external forces at kahit ano pa ang isyu.

  • Anonymous

    Sa tingin mo ba @antonioluna:disqus na sagot ang pagbibigay ng armas sa bawat pamilya? Hindi ba mas makakasama yun para sa seguridad at sitwasyon ng ating bansa? Mas lalong gugulo ang ating bansa hindi mo ba naisip yun? Ang kailangan natin ang may kakahayahan na protektahan at tulungan tayo at hindi ang pagbibigay ng armas sa mga tao dito. Mamulat ka naman sa katotohanan na kailangan talaga natin ng kakampi. 

    • antonioluna

       binasa mo ba talaga ang post ko, sinabi ko ba doon armasan lang tayo ay sapat na?
      ikaw yata ang hindi mulat sa katotohanan.

      • Libira

        You said in your post that arming the people with weapons was not enough. What else do you have in my mind?

      • antonioluna

         binasa mo ba mga post ko, ang sinabi ko doon armasan at sanayin, ang tanga mo naman kung aarmasan mo lang ang isang tao pero hindi mo naman sasanayin kung paano gagamitin iyon, wala ka palang common sense

      • Libira

        Common sense??? Use your brain! you cannot just arm and train the people!! Para kang engot na susugod na lang kasi pakiramdam niya malakas siya as is! Hindi purkit may armas at training ay mananalo! Taon ang binibilang sa sanayan na yan. We are FILIPINOS, we are not merciless murderers and certainly not rifle guns na rat-rat lang ng rat-rat!

      • antonioluna

        ikaw nga itong wala yatang utak, yaan ang panimulang paghahanda para matugunan kung mayroong invasion na mangyayari.

        and what about the swiss who has firearm in every household, are they merciless murderers, ang layo naman ng argumento mo, nag aral ka ba?

      • Anonymous

        Sa tingin mo ganun lang kadali yun @antonioluna:disqus ? Yun na ba ang pinakamatino mong solusyon sa problema? Sa tingin mo sa pag may armas at nasanay na tayo kaya na nating sumugod at manalo? Anong tingin mo sa mga Pilipino superheroes? Isipin mo nga hindi basta bastang bansa ang kumakalaban sa atin at sa tingin mo yun ang dapat nating gawin?

      • antonioluna

        mas maganda na iyang sinabi ko kumpara sa umasa at bakit tayo susugod, hindi ba nasa defensive mode tayo, ano ibig mong sabihin sasakupin natin ang china?

      • Libira

        Dear dear dear Mr Antonio, you do not have sufficient bad words to weaken me. I’d like to point out that unfortunately, we are not as well disciplined as the Swiss and the fact that you are comparing us to them is a little overreaching, don’t you think? Yes they have firearms in their households but they are for protection, not for battle as you have previously suggested. I do not like the fact that you are jumping to conclusions and evading our points. You may have your views Mr Antonio Luna but they are for the wrong. You have no single ally here. I suggest that you keep your opinions to yourself as it is not   wanted by the many.

      • antonioluna

        its not a problem if i am solo on this, i am not like you who needs an ally just by laying his piece even in this forum, now i know why you are so persistent in asking for help its in your character, in short you will not be able to stand alone.

        do you have any idea what kind of firearms swiss has in their household?they are military grade long firearms not only suitable for protection but in battle as well.

        even a policeman doesn’t have discipline when he doesn’t know how to use his firearm properly.

        discipline, proper handling of firearms those can be acquired thru adequate training.

      • Libira

        Who better to train us than the US? Who do you suggest? yourself?
        It is already history, times have changed. We are looking out for the best option. We are in search of help. Fact of the matter is we cannot do it alone, without the know how to arm ourselves, and without the proper help in training.

      • antonioluna

         you forgot that we have our own academy which produces leaders and generals, we have soldiers who are specialized in weaponry, we have our own version of navy seal and commando, we have people that can train us but the problem is it’s in your character, you’re always in need of assistance probably you were not trained by your parents to be independent, what a pity.

      • Anonymous

        Yes we should not be over dependent on another country. We can train ourselves, that’s for sure. But it’s also not bad to get some training from Israel, UK, US…whoever has experience. Each one including us will always have something that the other does not know. Even UK, US, and Israel exchange skills.

      • antonioluna

        there is nothing wrong with mutual agreement with mutual benefits

      • Anonymous

        Kung sinasabi mong hindi sapat ang pagbibigay ng armas sa atin, ano pa ba ang gusto mo para masabi mong sapat na ang lahat?

  • Anonymous

    Pakibasa ulit mga posts mo o kaya papaalala ko na lang sayo ha…

    1. “we can arm and train the civilian population.”2. “kung ang lahat ng bahay sa pinas ay aarmasan na katulad ng sa switzerland at sasanayin kung paano gamitin ito…”

    Naiintindihan mo ba mga pinopost mo mr antonioluna?

  • Libira

    The mere presence of the US military in the Philippines is not a threat to China, you’re right there. 

    But it boosts our confidence that we can fight for our country if we have the right support. 

    Accepting the US military here is not just for accessory, it is in fact NECESSARY! We cannot just arm the people here with weapons, what is the point of it anyway if we are not properly trained. 

    Do you wish to implement a type of rebellious attack and letting civilians join the fight? It is not at all practical. You are just wishing this country to die in the hands of the communists. Die for the country for the wrong reasons. Shame on you.    

    • antonioluna

      again you lack the common sense, even the PNP director admitted that our police force lacks marksmanship and proper handling of their guns, handling of firearms requires proper training.

      and so you are saying the mere presence of US military will boost our confidence just in case an invasion will happen, now what do you mean by that when they will not fight along side with us if invasion happens?what do mean by that when it is a known fact that they require a congress approval before they can help us?

      it is more shameful when you don’t know your history and it is worst when you never learn from it.

      • Libira

        If the PNP as you say is not as good as they should be in handling firearms and weapons, do you think that civilians can do better?? Do you, Mr Antonio Luna, even own a firearm and know how to use it?

        Dude I would believe you but please oh please fix your grammar first.

      • antonioluna

        what grammar i just copy paste their postings?

  • Anonymous

    Kung sinasabi mong hindi sapat ang pagbibigay ng armas sa atin, ano pa ba ang gusto mo para masabi mong sapat na ang lahat?

  • christian sison

    he possibility of partnership bet PHIL and
    US for greater national security in the Pacific will give upper hand to our
    side. It will boost our capability to immediately respond to the various national
    crises (natural/man-made). In the context disaster preparedness, partnership
    may even strengthen the role of the Philippine armed force in a wide ranging
    socio and economic security including environmental security affairs because of
    its links with other armed forces in the world. 
    Military planners and leaders must respond to the challenge of the new
    security paradigm so they can effectively reach out to as many people and
    groups as possible to ensure that human development and well being of the
    Filipino people.  

    • antonioluna

      the fact is Philippines has been an ally and a partner to the US for almost a century and yet US respect Vietnam more than us.

      • Anonymous

        Respect? What kind of respect?

        The main reason for US ties with Vietnam is that it is one of emerging economies with a mostly untapped market. Aside from that, labor has become cheaper than the Philippines. Ever wondered why Intel Corp transferred its Cavite plant to Vietnam?

      • antonioluna

        respect is when there is an existing agreement and you follow what is agreed upon.
        respect is when a sex maniac like daniel smith is being punished for raping a pinay instead of muscling our judicial system and make it like the rape victim was the one committed the crime.

      • Anonymous

        And now she is happy and living in the US with her American husband!

      • antonioluna

        the same thing you will do when you are a rape victim and your own government is not helping you to get justice, how do you feel when your own government is more lenient to the foreign rapist and discourages her our citizen(the victim) to pursue her case.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/M4ZCQ35DPIXWLKUBQKQRXOK6DU Scott

    Does the Philippines want to end up like North Korea? With a friend like China, who needs enemies!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Bill-Steffen/100001137426171 Bill Steffen

    No  U..S.Help  in  the  Philippines.  There….  That  solves  everything…..  Everybody  happy  now.???

    • Anonymous

      Does that make US troops leave my country? I don’t think so.

  • Anonymous

    @antonioluna:disqus bro, 
    Reading your previous comments eh mukhang naabuso ka talaga. 

    • antonioluna

      ah ganon ka ba katanga para hindi mo malaman ang kasaysayan natin at pinipersonal mo ako, magsulat ka ng may sustansya ng hindi naman lumalabas na ignorante ka.

      • Louise

        Sa mga sinasabi mo Antonio Luna sino kaya mas ignorante sa atin ngayon? Ganyan mo ba ituring ang iyong nanay, ate, at lola? There’s nothing wrong with the US presence, after all the Philippines has the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty with the US. Sino kaya sa atin ngayon ang walang sustansiya ang mga sinusulat?!

      • antonioluna

        ikaw ang ganyan tumuring sa mga kababayan at kamag anak mong babae dahil pabor ka sa pananatili nila kahit na kitang kita mo na ang isang daniel smith na nangrape ng pinay ay napawalang sala at nagmukha pang ang biktima ang may kasalanan pero bulag ka siguro at hindi mo nakita na nagkukumahog ang pamahalaan natin hindi upang tulungan ang ating kababayan kundi para tulungan ang rapist.

      • Louise

        Ganyan din kaya reaction mo kung China ang mag-offer ng tulong?

      • antonioluna

        binasa mo ba ang mga post ko para tanungin mo ako ng ganyan, ang suhestiyon ko sa mga naunang post ko ay armasan at sanayin ang civilan population para kung sakaling lusubin tayo ng china at nakahanda tayo sa halip na humingi kaagad ng tulong sa iba, nakuha mo ba ang punto? at sinabi ko rin na kung sakaling lusubin tayo ng china ay payag akong ilagay sa frontline at sinabi ko rin na ifiring squad ang mga duwag at mga takot na lumaban kung sakaling magkagera nga.

         

      • Louise

        I don’t have a plan to waste my time Mr. Antonio Luna, bye! Have a good day

      • Anonymous

        isa ka doon sa ma firing squad

      • antonioluna

        sabi mo?di ako katulad mo na nuknukan ng karuwagan, at sa sobrang karuwagan mo kahit na gahasain ang anak mo sa harap mo ay mananahimik ka na lang, aminin

      • Louise

        Sa mga sinasabi mo Antonio Luna sino kaya mas ignorante sa atin ngayon? Ganyan mo ba ituring ang iyong nanay, ate, at lola? There’s nothing wrong with the US presence, after all the Philippines has the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty with the US. Sino kaya sa atin ngayon ang walang sustansiya ang mga sinusulat?!

      • antonioluna

        ignorante ka dahil baliwala ang treaty na iyan kapag nagkaroon ng invasion dito sa pinas, isaksak mo sa kakarampot mong utak na kailanga pa ng pahintuloy ng kanilang kongreso bago nila tayo tulungan.

        walang problema sa aking kung mag insultuhan at magbastusan tayo dito dahil iyan naman ang sinimulan mo

      • Louise

        Paki-review nga ng mga previous comments, paki-tingnan kung sino ang unang nambastos

      • antonioluna

         ikaw ang magreview dahil sa halip na salungatin mo ng matino ang mga post ay pang iinsulto ang alam mo, hindi lang ikaw ang marunong mang insulto at mambastos

      • Anonymous

        talagang walang problema sau ang ganya antonia……di ba sister?.

      • antonioluna

        o ikaw din ba iyan louise o isa kang beki na tinira na ng kano

  • Anonymous

    @antonioluna:disqus  Have you been DENIED a US Visa lately? 

    • antonioluna

       have you been f*cked by a US military lately? or maybe your daughter BF is a US navy?or worst did you see your husband doing a BJ with a US marine?

    • antonioluna

       hulaan ko lahat ng butas ng katawan mo natarugo na ng kano hehehe o kaya naranasan mo ng makipagORGY sa kanila

    • antonioluna

      teka baka pati nanay mo pinatira mo na din sa kano?matuwa lamang sila sa iyo, naku delikado ang mga apo mong babae malamang ipalapastangan mo din sa kanila

      • Anonymous

        bakit ganyan ka magsalita? bakit alam muh ang mga yan? cguro ganun ang pamilya muh nuh?……….o baka gusto muh sayo yan gawin ng mga kano?
        .

      • antonioluna

        dapat bago mo tinanong iyan binasa mo muna ang thread para makita mo na sinasagot ko lang ang insulto ng kapwa insulto, katulad mo sasagutin din kita ng insulto dahil insulto rin naman ang sinulat mo.

        yong tanong mong gusto kong gawin sa akin ng kano iyon huwag mo akong itulad sa iyo na walang dignidad.
        at dahil wala kang dignidad mas masahol ka pa sa nagpuputa na naghahanapbuhay dahil ikaw ay ugaling aso na kahit sino ay pwedeng tumira sa lahat ng butas na katawan mo.

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:

c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City,Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94

editors' picks

advertisement
advertisement