Duterte foreign policy ‘unfortunate,’ says ex-DFA chief Del Rosario
MANILA — “Unfortunate.” This was former foreign affairs secretary Albert del Rosario’s assessment of the policy direction being pursued by the Duterte administration, as the think-tank named after him claimed investors would be deterred by a supposedly “independent” foreign policy.
“I think they should review what they mean by an ‘independent’ foreign policy. It should not be a zero-sum game,” Del Rosario told reporters on the sidelines of an economic forum organized by the Stratbase-ADR Institute for Strategic and International Studies Wednesday.
In a speech, ADR Institute president Dindo Manhit said President Duterte’s foreign policy “risks alienating its major economic partners and creating an unwelcoming environment to foreign investors.”
“While the President’s mandate to define the country’s approach to foreign relations is unassailable, the administration should nevertheless reconsider its strategy in terms of potentially alienating established economic and security partners. The Philippines should maintain its good relations with trusted friends and pursue constructive relations with all of its neighbors, in both word and deed,” Manhit said, referring to the recent friendly moves by the President to China and Russia while being unfriendly to the EU and the US, both among the country’s top trading partners.
“An unwelcoming atmosphere in the Philippines could easily dampen the country’s economic relationships. In the United States, as elsewhere, private investors have reportedly grown skittish about the Philippines’ prospects. The US economy is the Philippines’ largest source of private investment and second largest export market after Japan,” Manhit noted.
“Unfortunately, in President Duterte’s case, the term ‘independent’ appears to be shorthand for pushing the United States away and pulling China closer. Although his spokesmen and secretaries would issue follow-up statements to clarify the president’s meaning, these do little to mask his sentiments on the Philippines-US relationship,” Manhit said.
“The country can pursue its independence without squandering its hard-earned, advantageous relationships with other countries. The government’s new stance must be calibrated to ensure that it does not compromise the administration’s ten-point plan and the Philippines’ overall economic security,” the ADR Institute said in a statement.
For Manhit, “the Philippines can keep its friends while making new ones.”
Agreeing with Manhit, Del Rosario told reporters: “I think we should go back and consider that our foreign policy must be deeply rooted, and therefore, we must have foreign policy that is principled, independent, and in accordance with the rule of law.”
“It is principled when it is anchored on democracy and freedom, good governance, respect for human rights, and in accordance with the rule of law. It is independent when national interest is first and foremost and when national interest is defined and promoted in accordance with our values,” Del Rosario added.
Del Rosario said other diplomats were puzzled why there was a shift in the foreign policy.
“I was asked by the foreign diplomatic community this particular question: Why is the Philippines distancing itself from its treaty ally who has worked specifically on promoting the rule of law, which is to the advantage of the Philippines, vis-à-vis why is the Philippines suddenly embracing a country that has been blatantly violating the rule of law to its disadvantage?”
For Del Rosario, it was a “difficult question to answer.”
“I like to think that the foreign affairs strategy may be driven off-track a bit and perhaps we can persuade this government to revisit the off-track direction that is driving the so-called new foreign policy,” Del Rosario said.
The former foreign affairs chief also warned that the Philippines might lose bilateral trade perks being enjoyed as well as grants from the US and the European Union.
“In terms of our current arrangements, in the last three years alone, from 2012 to 2015, we had a development assistance that we were able to raise of over $4 billion. We would lose that. We have foreign military finance from the United States of $140 million in 2016. These have conditionalities: when they go to US Congress, these have conditionalities. Respect for human rights is one conditionality. We would lose that. The GSP with the United States we utilize about $800 million. We would lose that. The GSP with EU, we will lose that,” del Rosario pointed out.
For Del Rosario, the most important thing that the past administration had left the Filipino people was an “immense amount of confidence,” adding: “Let’s not lose it.”
Asked if the Duterte administration’s foreign policy could still be tweaked, Del Rosario said: “We can always change our course for the betterment of the Filipino people and in accordance with national interest.”
As for the plan to pursue closer ties with China, Del Rosario said “it doesn’t have to be a zero-sum game; you can pursue the friendship of other nations without having to sacrifice those who all the time had been there to help us.”
The ADR Institute said “the government’s warming up with China signal a quick break from the United States and is unfortunate.”
“It is one thing for the administration to downplay the arbitral tribunal’s favorable ruling, out of a fear of possible retribution. It is another thing entirely to halt patrols with the United States and limit them to a minimal 12-nautical mile distance—far less than the full 200-nautical mile spread of the country’s exclusive economic zone,” the think-tank said. The ADR Institute was referring to the victory of the Philippines at the United Nations-backed Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands, which recognized the exclusive economic zones of the Philippines in the South China Sea and set aside China’s nine-dash claim.
“By taking such drastic steps, the administration gives the impression of swinging wildly and insincerely instead of taking smaller, but more meaningful steps toward friendly relations,” ADR Institute said.
“Being careful with pronouncements and calibrated with government actions will send a more meaningful signal not only to China, but also to all of the Philippines’ international partners. Such care will help the president and his team achieve the Philippines’ foreign policy objectives,” Manhit said. SFM
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