Paris pledges can avert extreme warming
WASHINGTON—Pledges made in the lead-up to next week’s major Paris climate change conference could limit severe warming, but only if countries turn their words into long-term action, a study said on Thursday.
The crunch UN summit will be the biggest gathering of world leaders on climate in history.
Negotiators are tasked with sealing a deal that will cap average global warming at 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-Industrial Revolution levels.
In the buildup to Paris, countries announced the contributions that they were willing to make to combat global climate change, based on their own national circumstances.
These Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, or INDCs, extend through 2025 or 2030 and will form the backbone of the universal climate-rescue pact.
“If countries implement their INDCs through 2030 and ramp up efforts beyond 2030, we’ll have a much better chance of avoiding extreme warming and keeping temperature change below 2 degrees Celsius,” Gokul Iyer said.
Iyer was the lead scientist of the study, which was published in the journal Science.
“It’s important to know that the INDCs are a stepping stone to what we can do in the future,” added Iyer, of the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a collaboration between the US Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and University of Maryland.
Ken Kimmell, president of the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit group, said the Paris meeting was a mixed bag.
“This is the first time since climate negotiations started two decades ago that virtually all the world’s nations have committed to being part of the solution,” he said.
By comparison, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol included pledges for reductions by just 37 countries and comprising well under half of global emissions.
But he added: “The Paris agreement is not expected to bind countries to meet their pledges, nor provide for a sanction if they do not.
“This is, of course, disappointing but there seems to be no way around it.” AFP
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