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US health expert raises alarm over rampant TB cases in Philippines

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Dr. L. Masae Kawamura, former president of the North American Region of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, told reporters in press forum on Aug. 15, 2013, about the rising statistics of Filipino patients suffering from TB who are migrating to the United States. She said large proportion of tuberculosis patients in the US are Asians, most of them Filipinos. Video by RYAN LEAGOGO/INQUIRER.net

MANILA, Philippines—A large proportion of tuberculosis patients in the US are Asians, most of them Filipinos, a San-Francisco based medical expert has disclosed.

Dr. L. Masae Kawamura, former president of the North American Region of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, told reporters last week about the rising statistics of Filipino patients suffering from TB who are migrating to the United States.

She said Thursday in a press forum that TB is an “outcome of poor public health.” She appealed to the local government and health offices to prioritize early TB screening and bolster treatment in the country.

“The Philippines exports more tuberculosis patients than import at this point… TB is a disease of poverty and migration, and urbanization [because] people are moving from the rural countryside to the big cities like Manila,” said Kawamura.

Ranking second in Asia, the Philippines recorded high TB mortality rate next to Cambodia based on the World Health Organization (WHO) tuberculosis report. Among tuberculosis-afflicted persons, 59 percent came from Asia, the report said.

Kawamura said that tuberculosis can be latent, a condition where the infected does not experience any symptoms.

“To minimize the spread of tuberculosis and an outbreak risk, the government should work on providing a screening for people in congregate settings such as dialysis units, schools, hospitals, jails, prisons, homeless shelters and nursing homes,” she said.

The medical expert claimed that Filipinos living in crowded places, especially those in shanty communities, are more likely to develop and transmit TB.

“Having latent TB even though no one’s at fault carries a lot of stigma especially among Filipinos. The Philippines has a lot of people coming in from other parts of Asia that have high rates of TB as well,” she said.

According to Kawamura, the Philippine government detects only the full-blown TB cases rather than the latent ones.

“It easily evades our immune system and you may carry it as a child but be diagnosed with the disease 50 years later,” she said.

She added that accurate identification of latent TB bacteria is required since these persist in our body for years and decades; they are only inactive.

Kawamura also stressed that contributors could increase an individual’s chance of getting TB.

“Because it affects most of the children, just dealing with malnutrition will help beat tuberculosis. Preventing HIV and diabetes will help reduce TB cases as well. This is how it all interacts,” she said.

The TB control advocate also claimed that “because we breathe, we are all susceptible. Tuberculosis is an equal-opportunity disease. We can all get infected.”


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  • PagpagLasangPino-cchio

    Yung mga payatots dyan at meyrong pa uboubo , yan na yan. Pa x ray muna kayo sa inyong provincial hospita. Libre yan mga koykoys natin . Kung pabayaran ka, mag reklamo sa malapit na barangay tanod…..O sa kay governor natin na halos sang katutak na pera ang hawak

  • doubting tomas

    Dr. Kawamura can you also tell many of the American tourists , most especially
    the perverts , not to export AIDS when they come to the Philippines ?

    Stop pontificating about Filipinos having TB.

    • Chihuahua

      Dr. Kawamura is merely publicly stating what many in the medical profession in the USA already know. All Filipinos or anyone who migrated to the states from the Phil or have been to the Phil for an extended period of time are routinely advised to be tested for TB. This practice is supported by empirical data collected through many years.

      The issue about AIDS is going to be tough, especially with the expected arrival of thousands of US and Japanese troops (if Pnoy has his way). And with it, comes the scourge of STD reminiscence of the Vietnam War era famous VD “Vietnam Rose”. This time around it may very well be coined as “Pinay Rose”. You can’t expect to get something for nothing. Its the old grand bargain of life. Make sure to have a “coin to pay Charon” too.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        yeah the american and japanese troops might get infected with aids since they are tested. by the mititary medics but the philippines is one of the few countries where aids is rising due to the middle ages preachings of the church.

      • hello stupids

        hello Philippines ranking no 1 as the cheap sex country
        child abuse , gay all in the rise the aids is rising due to the case is rising
        go and buy some condom from Malaysia will save your life
        OK

    • boybakal

      give me statistics….stupid.

      • doubting tomas

        Don’t have to . Moron.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        because you have none braindead. just idle garbage

    • Clay Fimmel

      Why is it pontificating, when it is the truth of the matter? We all know the Philippines has a very poor health system where TB is not looked at until the symptoms show up, and then it is already well advanced, by that time other family members, and other people around will have high risk of sharing the problem. Particularly in very high density population areas. The problem is magnified far worse if there is a malnutrition problem. This is the reality in the Philippines, which the health department needs to be more pro-active about. Isn’t it the very responsibility of the health departments to do this? How is that ‘pontificating?’ Does one ignore the problem and say.. all is just fine? Let the problem keep on increasing? Because if nothing is done, it surely will keep on increasing and there will be many more deaths in the Philippines and beyond.

    • crazy_horse_101010

      sure always blame the americans basher. what would you do if there wasnt any americans around. jump off a bridge

      • doubting tomas

        ” wasn’t any Americans ” ? Should be ” there were no Americans
        around .” Plural.

        You’re a poor Yankee wannabe.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        i aint no yankee bubba im a rebel so dont youall insult boy. come on down and we good old boys will tar and feather youuns HAWHAWHAWHAW REMEMBER THE SOUTH and loser is youall a grammar cop if so what is your badge number . PITIFUIL ok we will play yoiur game what river runs through roundup montana what mountains is bates oregon in who are the nez perce. what are the mascots for madras and lakeview oregon what is the mascot for osu. so human wannabe i have a thousand more ready to challenge me comrade. oh have you ever heard of the spainard american war its the spanish american war bubba so go back to school oh there is one thing im not and that is poor

      • doubting tomas

        It’s time to take your meds, Crazy Horse.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        dont need them live is great without them i dont need help like you . bentone hurt your feelers then dont call me a fake. and when people cant think of anything intelligent to say they always say take your meds

      • crazy_horse_101010

        stupid in america we say it both ways it means the same thing comrade yiou are a poor human wannabe azzwipe

    • crazy_horse_101010

      who would you blame if you didnt have america to cry about

      • doubting tomas

        You’re Crazy Horse The Grea Warrior.
        Your people got infected with diseases brought in by
        the Pale Faces on the Mayflower.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        my people were the ones who discovered america 500 years before columbus . praise thor and odin. and the spanish brought the diseases to north america 70 years before the pilgrims . new mexico and florida first. did they have pale faces

      • doubting tomas

        Oh so now it’s the Spaniards( not Spanish) you blame.
        I am confused now. You praise Thor and Odin?
        So you’re descended from the Vikings ? I read
        somewhere that they didn’t like to bathe and
        had poor sanitation practices.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        we say the spanish in our american english. no we just lived to kill morons who insult us and im not even sure you know how to read anway if you could speak english it can be spaniards or the spanish. maybe english is different in china where you learned. . you ever bathe when it is 40 below zero try it sometime. and find a good english teacher you need one and look at history on the internet the spanish killed 150 million indians in 500 years and are still killing them. google is a wonderful thing if you know how to use it if not get a 6 year old to help you. and if i praise odin and thor who in the hell do you think i am roman? .

      • doubting tomas

        ” who in the hell ? “…..you’re the one who needs
        a good grammar teacher . LOL !!!

      • crazy_horse_101010

        its funny when someone doesnt know american slang tries to tell a american how to speak english . never go to dixie land comrade you will be in troubles, so anyway bite me. look that one up HAWHAWHAW

      • doubting tomas

        ” tell a ( should be ” an ” ) american how to speak english ”

        ” you will be in troubles ” ? You mean ” trouble.”

        How many ” troubles ” will I be in ? LOL !

        You really need to go back to grammar school.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        what troubles there is 7 of them find them and i will use a instead of an its my language not yours and if you knew anything about american we could care less about grammar. we have other things to worry about comrade . the only people i have run into that worry about grammar are the fanatics that are here, when they cant think of anything intelligent to talk about like you. because youall aint have any idee how to speak corrict english. we good old boys hate yourall yankee way of yakking .bubba you aint a good old american boy so dont youall tell meuns how to talk understand agin bubba and bubba youall need to go back to preschool because youall dont know shzt. HAWHAWHAWHAHAW CARPETBAGGER SCUM

      • doubting tomas

        Okay ! Bye !

      • koolkid_inthehouse

        you’re a dumb donkey, what do you know about English

      • crazy_horse_101010

        YOU NEED TO GO TO A DOCTOR BECAUSE YOU ARE BRAINDEAD

      • hello stupids

        but he does not have TB why go to a doctor

        by the way Ur old and will quite easy to have pneumonia
        and if U have pneumonia U have very good chance to have TB

        sound like the bull facing the matador .
        very slim to survive

        poor animal

      • hello stupids

        how about the danish cross eskimo

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid nothing wrong with that there was eskimos in greenland when the vikings landed there. so what is your point besides your head

      • hello stupids

        there is palefaces involved can U see it

      • crazy_horse_101010

        HEY STUPID ARE YOU STILL HERE I FIGURED YOU WOULD BE HIDING YOUR FACE IN SHAME BECAUSE OF YOUR MORONIC POSTINGS THAT SOUND LIKE A 2 YEAR OLD AND AGAIN SO WHAT I WASNT THERE WERE YOU COMRADE boring pig tripe again

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid sounds good thank you

      • hello stupids

        but it is American crying now.she just pass a message to the Philippines.(stay away from us)we don’t want to die because of U

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid and again poor english say what you mean not that i care boring babbling and just what is america crying about and i thought you were a proud american what happened comrade now you are attacking her. is it because your son goes to a hippie pot smoking commie school the most hated school in america full of radicals and fanatic american haters

      • hello stupids

        Hello I am not attacking her

        I just interpret what she is trying to say.don’t bring the decease
        to America

        TB is a disease of poverty and migration, and urbanization

  • boybakal

    Si Pnoy kaya meron din television.
    Panay ang ubo….dapat isali sa TB test tong si Presidente.
    At least, follow the leader kung meron man siya.

    • PagpagLasangPino-cchio

      The only way for Pnoy to stop smoking is to invite the Dr Masai Mara to his presidential suite and have her lecture about TB and smoking. Pnoy will be quitting in no time….

  • PagpagLasangPino-cchio

    TB is Pinocchio’s way of payback to American GIs who brought in their venereal diseases by having sex with Vietgook whores in Saigon during the 1960s. There were no let up and many of the a -gogo girls in Olongapo and Angeles fell victims to the disease. NO one even cared about it as long as American military aids package kept coming in . The bug from Vietnam was now spreading all over Luzon and the entire Pinas as the girls go home to their provinces.

    Now this Japo Dr Masae Mara is sounding off the fear factor about TB . TB is part and parcel of Indo Malayo Pino bloodline DNA. It is impossible to eradicate it bec its been around for a good while. The Indo Malayo Pinos brought it here from their brown lolos and lolas , so whats the fuss ?

    • crazy_horse_101010

      boo

    • crazy_horse_101010

      is that how come your brain is damaged venereal disease from your boy friends. comrade.

  • $31594090

    TB can never be controlled because of the rampant ignorance and cynical attitudes of most Filipinos.

    Ignorance in knowing how TB is transmitted and how it affects the body and the lifestyle of those who have it ones it becomes active in later life.

    Cynical toward the experts who are trying to provide awareness for Filipinos in a country that is overpopulated, having substandard sanitary system, and inhabited by proud Filipinos that think that foreign experts are out to dicredit the Filipino image.

    But let me go beyond the problem of TB, because it has been relegated to the circular file by the systems that are presently running the country. These network of systems in the Philippines have long ignored the priorities of the people, which include the health system.

    To control all problems confronting the Filipino people such as TB, perpetual flooding, corruption, etc., the country needs strong leaderships who are deeply involved in uplifting the Filipino standard of living. Although one must realize that problem solving cannot be done overnight. Therefore, the Filipinos must look forward in planning their future well-being long term.

    From my vantage point, the most outstanding of all priorites is leadership. To begin this process of having good leaderships, Filipinos must ask themselves whether or not the present democratic form of government is right for them. Did Filipinos established their government based on their will? In this case, “no”. The Filipinos were handed by a foreign entity a form of government that may or may not be suited for their well-being.

    Ask yourself as a Filipino this question: Did your ancestors contributed to the making of your present government? Are you happy with your government on the way they are leading the Filipino people in this day and age? Are you happy with corruption? Are you happy with your representatives, senators and your president in handling the perpetual problems in civil infrastructure, overpopulation, hunger, unemployment, crime, pork barrel, etc. Maybe its time that you lean toward overhauling your form of government to suit the will of the people, instead of adopting a form of government suited only to the Americans. Take a look at the prosperous Asian nations such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand and soon to be Vietnam. They established their own government without any foreign entity cramming a foreign style of government into their throat.

    Take Vietnam as the best example. The Vietnamese kicked out the Americans because they were unhappy on the way the Americans were establishing a form of government suited only for the Americans. It would be a long story to elaborate on this case.

    Another major influence in the Filipino society that is not contributing any solution to the problems of overpopulation, high crimes, and perpetual poverty is the Roman Catholic religion. As observed, the archdioceses, are meddling and considered hindrances to the leaderships of the Philippines, which were voted by the people to lead them toward prosperity. Religion should only be limited within the spiritual guidance.

    In summary: Overhaul your form of government to suit you. Eliminate the religious conditioning that you have been thought since you were born, but do believe in God and the spirits. Communicate to God, not in a communal way, but in your own way.

    • HH FE

      What form of government do you think gives us the best chance of having good effective leaders?

      • $31594090

        Only the Filipinos can establish their form of government. If the Americans, Vetnamese, Japanese and Singaporean can establish their own government, why can’t the Filipinos establish their own? It must be suited to the culture and the will of the people. Filipinos may look at other government systems and take what they think will benefit them coupled with establishing a system suited only for the Filipinos.

    • PagpagLasangPino-cchio

      TB is pandemic and endemic in the Phil archipelago, no way it is going away unless all people will have to be exterminated. The poor sanitary conditions and health practices have passed the point of no return. It is here to stay and people are destined to acquire it no matter what. if you continue to eat botchang baboy and eat dinuguan , then you are bound to have TB. The waxy TB is so resilient it will survive even 80 degrees celsius in boiling water. Theres more strains of Tb out there that can survive and only god knows for they are as resistant to the usual MDT , multi drug therapy for TB infection.

      • $31594090

        Perhaps. Long term, it can be controlled through strong leadership, motivation, and intelligence of the Filipino people. If other countries can do it, what is preventing your country from doing the same? Just reread what the lady expert above is telling you; think and help your country whenever you have any ideas.

        I have ideas; but it will take more space in this blog to write it.

      • hello stupids

        It is simple.everybody go to the beach and spent 4 hrs under the sun.everyday the UV will kill the TB

      • $31594090

        Sorry to say that TB thrives in warm weather and moist air. Maybe go to Baguio and stay there.

      • hello stupids

        Tb do not thrives in warm winter or moist air.IT attacks U if U are weak.the UV from the sun will kill it but it take sometimes for those serious patent.IT might take up to 2 yrs in hospital rehab have sun in the open space regularly there is a rehab hospital near where I was leave when I was young in HK.So
        I know how they treat the patients

        UV Light Cuts Spread Of Tuberculosis
        Mar. 17, 2009 — Ultraviolet
        lights could reduce the spread of tuberculosis in hospital wards and
        waiting rooms by 70%, according to a new study, published in PLoS
        Medicine today. The study, which explored the transmission of
        tuberculosis (TB) from infected patients to guinea pigs, suggests that
        installing simple ultraviolet C (UVC) lights in hospitals could help
        reduce the transmission of TB, including drug-resistant strains.

        but

      • $31594090

        I agree on some of your statements.

      • hello stupids

        because it spreads in crowd area so go to the open area like the beach will help.If U already got it .it will show up when U have the skin test even after it heals but U are not a carrier anymore
        50 yrs ago there is lots of case in Hk as well but for the last 40 yrs it vanished

  • herecomesrusty

    1) Isn’t tb vaccination part of the required immunization for every child in the Philippines for a long time? Most Filipinos will test positive for tb because of this.
    2) Isn’t medical screening required for migrating to U.S.?
    Why is this happening?

    • PagpagLasangPino-cchio

      Theres more strains of TB out there that are resistant to Isoniazid and many other anti TB drugs. Basic tb vaccine wont do nothing if one has no proper nutrition. It is certain death once it takes hold and overwhelms the body’s immune defenses.

    • boybakal

      Sometimes they waived the TB test or screening.
      That’s why the US particularly California is flooded with airborne TB germs or bacteria as you may call it.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        funny i lived in california and never heard about airborne tb germs where at in california is this. most people thought tb was extinct in america. i never seen anyone who had it. now lung cancer from smoking that is a different story.

      • $31594090

        Try watching the news periodically.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        i read 4 american newspapers and not a word and i watch bbc cnn fox ccct and the asian channel and again not a word . i asked where in california it is a big state you know bigger than the philippines. and again i have seen anyone who had TB

      • $31594090

        It was not too long ago when this particular news was broadcasted in San Diego. I was not in tuned at that time so I cannot tell you what place in particular. If you are really interested try contacting the State’s epidemiology center.

      • crazy_horse_101010

        i dont know i lived a long way from san diego about 750 kilometers away. san diego is full of illegals since it is near the border. and hundreds every day are trying to get in so it could be coming in with them there is no way of screening them unless caught

      • hello stupids

        She didn’t mention the Mexican isn’t ishe
        besides that U know nothing about TB

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid who cares and i dont want to know about tb moron just because you are infected doesnt mean i want you near me moron

      • hello stupids

        I can tell U that U are in the high risk situation dying of TB
        1 U live in Philippines
        2 it will relate to hiv

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid who gives a rats azz bout anything you say and you are BORING and im not scared are you comrade you might get run over by a car tomorrow so what moron

      • hello stupids

        when a person start having a coma before they die what would they tell U ?
        I am not scare …I will rest in peace

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid doesnt even make sense try again dont know anyone in a coma so who cares

      • hello stupids

        I know U :crazy horse U will soon be a Trojan horse

        not to worry I won’t set fire on U nor I won’t dig a hole for U

      • hello stupids

        San Diego will be lot less case than San-Francisco because of the weather

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid how would you know in your gay bar idiot and try speaking english makes it easier

      • hello stupids

        A large proportion of tuberculosis patients in the US most
        of them Filipinos, a San-Francisco based medical expert has disclosed.

        Can’t U understand what she is talking about?
        this is her first sentences.

        Hello she is Chinese look a like expert from San-Francisco

        HAAHAHA

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid and you are stupid keep talkng i love making you look like a clown observer goodbye who cares what she is only peabarins like you and it is her first sentence yeah you know a lot about america except speaking english moron

      • hello stupids

        she is the US health expert and U call her pea brains.
        U are the guys picking up the dead birds …how clever U are

      • hello stupids

        the UV will kill the tb as simple as that.

        go to California and ask the nurse work in the hospital .I can tell U most of them will be TB positive

        people thought tb was extinct in america….
        hello
        the bald eagle is going to extinct …so sad

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey braindead one called azzwipe sorry bald eagle population is growing and being removed from the endangered list shows how stupid you are and stupid suits because you are one moron i lived in calforina stupid and am still alive more alive than you tapeworm and changing your observer wont protect you twit. and what would you know about america while pimping in a gay bar in taiwan . anything else douchebag .

      • hello stupids

        The TB is growing lot faster than the bald eagle….is real
        American is not immune like any other country….OK

        I know America as much as U do and my son is in Berkeley University right now

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid you mean commie university where the leftist go who cares and i dont believe a word you say anyway you are just a gay pimp . and you have allready proven you dont hasve a clue about america or you woul d have known about the eagles so lie to someone else stupid

      • hello stupids

        When the native American population goes up and the bald eagle number will come down
        so now the bald eagle number is going up so poor native Indian must be in crisis

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid that one is to stupid to answer. what does eagles have to do with native americans. zero and you say you are a expert on america. now that is a laugh what is your IQ -10. and more boredom bring on some more dumb postings and show the world what a idiot you are sorry. cant type to busY laughing HAWHAWHWHAW also im not into baldies i like goldens better they are hunters and bigger

      • hello stupids

        don’t U see the decoration of those native Indians?
        how many eagle’s feather they have
        hahahahaha

      • crazy_horse_101010

        those feathers are over 100 years old braindead one and ive never counted azzwipe have you dont even tell me about indians i lived and worked with the crows, northen cheyenne, warm springs, umitiilas, yuroks, hupas, pomos, weyotts, and blackfeet and have friend who are apaches and crees so moron HAWHAWHAWHAW LOSER

      • hello stupids

        so sad ..those native Indian cannot promoted their culture like a tourist ambassador anymore. wonder why the bald eagle number is going up again

        if those bald eagle keep stealing the fish .Obama will
        come forward

        HAHAHAHAHAHA

      • crazy_horse_101010

        and so what who cares is it skin off of your fat azz wonder why you cant read english and cant use the internet who says the numbers are going down you who is a chinese kiss azz yeah right comrade so sad you were born a moron and are now using up resources normal people can use THATS FUNNY HAWHAWHAWHAW JACKAZZ

      • hello stupids

        so sad ..those native Indian cannot promoted their culture like a
        tourist ambassador anymore. wonder why the bald eagle number is going up again

        if those bald eagle keep stealing the fish poaching our waters.Obama will come forward and kill them all
        extinct is what it is going to be

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hello stupid YAWN BORING WHO CARES GETTING DESPERATE BECAUSE YOU ARE REPEATING YOURSELF JUNIOR . not even worth commenting on i feel like im talking to a five year old

      • hello stupids

        can U see the native Indian loves the eagle’s feather

      • crazy_horse_101010

        hey stupid indians can only get feathers from birds that died natural deaths they cant hunt them and this isnt the 1800s anymore. they dont run around wearing war bonnets everywhere dont you know that since you are a american expert yeah right. and no one else can even pick up or haul a dead bird you have to contact the feds if you find one. i know because reporting dead eagles or hawks was part of my job so was trained on reporting them. have you ever seen one stupid

      • hello stupids

        Oh my god Ur having more trouble than I thought

        not just high risk in TB and HIV but the bird flu as well

        it is OK right nows the new SARS in middle east related to the bat.Don’t U pick up the bats as well?

      • hello stupids

        can I tell the different between the ducks and the eagle during the duck season.
        I have doubt about it…and U?
        HAJHAHAHAHA…U call this the most dangerous job in the world
        I can understand that but please don’t wear your leather hat while U working OK

      • crazy_horse_101010

        since i studied waterfowl in college im sure i know the difference and since i was hunting them when i was 12 years old im sure i know the difference do you comrade. we wore hard hats stupid anything else OK MORON

      • hello stupids

        UV Light Cuts Spread Of Tuberculosis
        Mar. 17, 2009 — Ultraviolet
        lights could reduce the spread of tuberculosis in hospital wards and
        waiting rooms by 70%, according to a new study, published in PLoS
        Medicine today. The study, which explored the transmission of
        tuberculosis (TB) from infected patients to guinea pigs, suggests that
        installing simple ultraviolet C (UVC) lights in hospitals could help
        reduce the transmission of TB, including drug-resistant strains.

        for the non knowledgeable person like U

      • boybakal

        Have a TB test and for sure you are 100 percent positive of TB.
        Who do you think you are to say where in California.
        Anywhere in California where there are filipinos.

        TB is extinct among Americans but not among filipinos.

  • hello stupids

    Ranking second in Asia, the Philippines recorded high TB mortality rate
    next to Cambodia based on the World Health Organization (WHO)
    tuberculosis report

    ranking second last in economy within Asia after Cambodia

    are they related?
    TB is a disease of poverty……OH that’s why

  • hello stupids

    UV Light Cuts Spread Of Tuberculosis
    Mar. 17, 2009 — Ultraviolet lights could reduce the spread of tuberculosis in hospital wards and waiting rooms by 70%, according to a new study, published in PLoS Medicine today. The study, which explored the transmission of tuberculosis (TB) from infected patients to guinea pigs, suggests that installing simple ultraviolet C (UVC) lights in hospitals could help reduce the transmission of TB, including drug-resistant strains.

  • hello stupids

    A large proportion of tuberculosis patients in the US are Asians, most
    of them Filipinos, a San-Francisco based medical expert has disclosed.
    report from
    Ranking second in Asia, the Philippines recorded high TB mortality rate
    next to Cambodia based on the World Health Organization (WHO)
    tuberculosis report. Among tuberculosis-afflicted persons, 59 percent
    came from Asia, the report said.

    unlike the pedring2 make up report

    TB is a disease of poverty and migration, and urbanization

    Dr. L. Masae Kawamura, former president of the North American Region of
    the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, told
    reporters last week about the rising statistics of Filipino patients
    suffering from TB who are migrating to the United States.

    So sad Philippine only rank 2 in the world behind Cambodia



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