Philippines 3rd on UN disaster risk index

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MANILA, Philippines—The Philippines ranked third on the list of most vulnerable countries to climate change, a study by a United Nations agency warned.

The report by the United Nations University’s Institute for Environment and Human Security and the German Alliance Development Works said the top 10 countries facing the highest risk are: Vanuatu, Tonga, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Costa Rica, Cambodia and El Salvador.

Vanuatu which is now experiencing a fresh water shortage ranks No. 1 with 32 percent disaster risk. Tonga in the second spot has 29.08 percent.

The Philippines ranks No. 3 with a 24.32 percent disaster risk.

The risk index used in the report analyzed country exposure to natural disasters like storms, floods, earthquakes, droughts and sea level rise.

It also estimated their susceptibility to damage based on the state of their economy and infrastructure, and the countries’ ability to respond to these disasters through preparedness measures and early warning systems. It also studied their ability to adapt to future disasters due to climate change.

Filipino scientists said the Philippines would get more rains in the coming years due to climate change.

In 2010, the climatology division of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) reported that climate data from 1960 to 2003 showed significant increases in the frequency of hot days and warm nights in many areas of the country.

Pagasa also observed that the number of cooler days had decreased. This trend mirrors the experience of other countries in Southeast Asia, Pagasa said, as it predicted more rains in the Philippines in the coming decades.

The Climate Reality Project, which is backed by former United States vice-president Al Gore, said the study confirmed what residents of the Philippines already know from their experience.

“This is reality. Lives and livelihoods lost are not a hoax, these are all realities brought about by the biggest crisis this world has ever faced. As the study shows, the Philippines ranks third in exposure to natural hazards like earthquakes, storms, floods and droughts, as well as the exposure of populations to sea level rise by one meter,” said Rodne Galicha, Philippine Country District Manager of The Climate Reality Project.

TCRP stressed that climate change is not the only culprit. He noted that man-made factors, such as land conversion, deforestation, and mining activities, worsen the effects of climate change and have a multiplier effect on disasters.

“Massive land conversion, long-term deforestation, mining in island ecosystems and forests and lack of solid waste management are just some of the culprits,” TCRP disaster risk reduction and management expert Miguel Magalang said. He added that a comprehensive land use plan based on principles of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction should be strongly adopted by the government.

The floods and landslides from typhoons “Pedring” and “Quiel” recently emphasized the Filipinos’ vulnerability to extreme weather. Almost a week since Quiel left the Philippines, many towns in Central Luzon were still underwater.

Galicha urged the public to pressure their leaders to implement measures that would soften the blow of disasters in the country. “Speak up and tell the decision-makers to stop implementing projects which will result in more disasters. Let them know you will support or strongly oppose them on what they say and do about solving the climate crisis,” he said.

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  • enrico custodio

    R Galicha urged the public to pressure their leaders to implement measures that would soften the blow of disasters in the country.             HOY, ENRILE !!         HOY, LACSON !!          HOY, MIRIAM !!         THESE SENATORS MUST DO SOMETHING CONCRETE LIKE HELPING THE PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT BECOME PREPARED FOR NATURAL DISASTERS !             Instead of pretending to be patriotic by attacking US Envoy H Thomas for saying something true, Enrile, Lacson and Miriam must do something productive for the country !!

  • http://twitter.com/toothpastesales be honest

    This is not something new. This is known for decades. Storms, volcano eruptions, earth quakes, landslides and now more floods.
    Studies, hearings, reports, recommendations, plans and projects are all on the table.
    Yes on the table.
    But nobody, and I mean  NOBODY, do anything about it.
    DPWH even scrapped the dyke projects that were supposed to contain the overflow of flood.
    ” No casulty ” policy. Talk talk talk.
    Disaster will happen again year after year.
    When will the P-Noy admin bolt down to work instead of scrapping most of the projects ?
    Nice and good saying those projects were from GMA, so that must be corrupted.
    For 15 months under P-Noy admin, name one project, Just one.
    Dont tell me its CCT. Thats s scam. At least 20% benefited the loan sharks.
    Congrates P-Noy you elevated Philippines to number 3 on the disaster list.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_WR6SH3N3WQEBU4MK2SWETDSVXY Mon Saloo

    let’s ban and bash the un for making such a statement public-insulted na naman ang pinas

  • Anonymous

    Hold on guys if you will read carefully our beloved country rank 3rd in the world but also 1st in Asia and please be honest in your comments because statistics shows those disasters happened before this present administration. They didn’t scrap the project rather cut the over price budget! remember the diffrent basura landslides in 2005 and so forth… actually you don’t need to wake up those politician because the answers is in our hands. …

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